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Tuesday, December 30, 2008

Property Value Increase?

We received our assessed value papers in the mail yesterday. It went up. Not just a little, a lot. We own 5 lots, 3 of which, the city told us were non-buildable, due to their proximity to the wetlands.
Here are the numbers:
Lot---------Previous Value-----Current Value-------Increase
House: ----- 115,200 ---------- 116,800 ------------ 1,600 (1.4%)
Vacant 1:--- 15,500 ------------24,000 ------------- 8,500 (54.8%)
Vacant 2:--- 2,900 ------------- 22,800 ------------- 19,900 (686.2%)
Vacant 3:--- 1,400 ------------- 2,000 -------------- 600 (42.9%)
Vacant 4:--- 700 --------------- 700 ---------------- 0 (0%)
Total: ------ 135,700 ---------- 166,300 ------------ 30,600 (22.5%)

Vacant lot 1 is right next door to my house. At 25 ft wide, a house could not be built on it unless Vacant lot 2 is combined with it. Any house built would be too close to the wetlands and would flood during a nor'easter, let alone a hurricane. Vacant Lot 3 has a city-dug drainage ditch right in the middle of it and has become wetlands. The next lot over, which holds my neighbors house, is listed online as vacant, but highly valued. His garage can flood at high tide. This is absolutely ridiculous.

Wednesday, December 24, 2008

Holiday Shopping Safety

Recently, the Virginian Pilot reported a stabbing at Lynnhaven Mall. It was the result of an argument at school apparently it got continued at the Mall. Now, to me, Lynnhaven Mall seems like a safe mall. Whether that is due to a fact or a false perception due to lack of complete reporting on the media's part, is to be determined. This got me thinking, of course, so I looked up the crime reports from local shopping centers. I used a half-mile radius around the center of each area. I compared:
  1. Downtown/MacArthur Center (using 300 Monticello Ave - MacArthur Center as the center of Downtown)
  2. Lynnhaven Mall (701 Lynnhaven Pkwy as center)
  3. Greenbrier (916 Edan Way North as Center - corner of Eden Way and Greenbrier)
  4. Military Circle/JANAF (5800 Virginia Beach Blvd as center - corner of Military Hwy and VAB Blvd)
  5. Hilltop Shopping Center (1593 Laskin Rd as center)
  6. Chesapeake Square Mall (4200 Portsmouth Blvd as center)
  7. Pembroke/Town Center (300 Independence Blvd as center - corner of Indep. and VAB Blvds)
My results are all within the stated radius in the month of December 2008

1. Downtown Norfolk/MacArthur Center
  • 17 - Larceny
  • 4 - Vandalism
  • 1 - Aggravated Assault
  • 7 - Simple Assault
  • 1 - Narcotics Violations
2. Lynnhaven Mall
  • 2 - Bomb Threats
  • 1 - Stolen Vehicle
  • 1 - Trespassing
  • 16 - Larceny
  • 1 - Annoying Phone Calls
  • 3 - Simple Assaults
  • 2 - Hit and Runs
  • 1 - Domestic Simple Assault
  • 1 - Burglary
3. Greenbrier Shopping District
  • 1 - Fraud
  • 3 - Attempted Strong Arm Robbery
  • 6 - Shoplifting
  • 3 - Attempted Shoplifting
  • 1 - Vandalism
  • 2 - Simple Assault
  • 1 - Forgery
  • 2 - Drug Offense
  • 1 - Threatening Phone Calls
4. Military Circle/JANAF
  • 28 - Larceny
  • 3 - Vandalism
  • 1 - Aggravated Assault
  • 1 - Stolen Vehicle
  • 1 - Robbery
5. Hilltop
  • 5 - Hit and Runs
  • 1 - Burglary
  • 8 - Larceny
  • 2 - Fraud
  • 2 - Domestic Simple Assault
  • 3 - Embezzlement
  • 1 - Burglary
  • 1 - Drug Offense
6. Chesapeake Square
  • 2 - Grand Larceny
  • 1 - Fraud
  • 1 - Child Neglect
  • 1 - Attempted Armed Robbery
  • 1 - Drug Offense
  • 1 - Simple Assault
  • 13 - Shoplifting
  • 12 - Littering
7. Pembroke/Town Center
  • 1 - Robbery
  • 3 - Domestic Simple Assault
  • 5 - Hit and Runs
  • 4 - Simple Assault
  • 11 - Larceny
  • 4 - Drug Offense
  • 1 - Concealment/Price Changing
  • 1 - Burglary
  • 1 - Possession of Stolen Property
  • 1 - Pornography/Obscene Material
  • 2 - Weapons Violation
  • 1 - Fraud
  • 2 - Destruction of Property
  • 1 - Sexual Battery
  • 1 - Indecent Exposure
  • 1 - Stolen Vehicle
  • 1 - Simple Assault
You can use these numbers as you wish, but in my opinion, the safest malls in order are:
  1. Military Circle/ JANAF
  2. Chesapeake Square
  3. Downtown Norfolk
  4. Greenbrier
  5. Hilltop
  6. Lynnhaven Mall
  7. Pembroke/Town Center
I think that this is a very good example of how the news focuses on certain areas and makes them look better or worse than they actually are. You always hear bead about Downtown, Military Circle, and Chesapeake Square, yet they seem to be ahead of the curve, while the so-called up-scale areas like Town Center and Lynnhaven are at the bottom of the barrel. Hopefully, people will see this and either re-evaluate their shopping destinations, or at least voice their safety concerns with management or city officials. Just because it feels safe, does not always make it so.

A New Jordan Bridge?

An investment group wants to build a new Jordan Bridge complete with a fixed span (aka no draw bridge) for $200 million LESS than the city said it could be done for, according to the Virginian-Pilot. The group includes Philip Schucet, a former VDOT commissioner who worked wonders on budgets and time-lines while at VDOT, and Figg Bridge Developers (Florida). It will receive financing from Britton Hill Partners (Florida). Excellent idea. Excellent solution. This is precicely what I love to see. I doubt that there is any objection to this plan. What interests me more, however, i how they can build it $200 million CHEAPER than the city. I do not doubt their number, I instead question the city's. Where did they get this number from? Also, perhaps this is why costs are so high with other projects. Public-private partnerships are where roadways are headed nowadays. We need to get on board now. According the the Pilot's article, the developer has been thinking about a Jordan replacement for "several years." That is certainly more than Chesapeake has done. To further illustrate the ineffectiveness of Chesapeake's governing system, Mayor Krasnoff had each council member meet individually with the developers. Would it not have been quicker and more efficient for everyone if it had been done as a group? I know why they did not do it as a group, though. Then it would have had to follow the FOIA guidlines. Wake up Chesapeake. Residents do not want their time and money wasted. They want action. Which is exactly what this company is proposing.

Sunday, December 21, 2008

Maybe We Can All Just Walk

Re: State Plans $1.3 Billion reduction in Road Funds (Virginian Pilot. December 19, 2008)

So far, this brings the total to $2.6 billion in cuts to transportation. Not just roads but ALL transportation activities. More are possible. They (Transportation Officials) say that this means that many projects will have to be abandoned. Most will be temporarily delayed. These projects are in a variety of modes and locations. Interstates, city streets, mass transit (buses, light rail, commuter rail including the long-proposed high speed rail extensions), airports, and the ports all fall under the Commonwealth Transportation Board. Local Projects that would be affected included the US 17/Steel Bridge/Dominion Blvd project, the I-64/I-264 interchange improvements, and the widening of I-64 in Newport News. While these are the largest near-ready projects in Hampton Roads, there are others that would be impacted. Among these, we have the much anticipated, multi-modal Third Crossing, the much-needed (although unwanted by Willoughby residents) Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel expansion, the ill-conceived Southeastern Parkway, and the Downtown Tunnel improvements. The Martin Luther King Freeway extension is, so far, to remain untouched.
I think that this leaves us with but one choice: Restructure how we take care of our transportation needs. Once again, while we cannot have an unelected taxing Authority work for us, we can change what we have. For all of the closed-minded, change-is-bad types, please look away now.
I propose to redefine the Hampton Roads division of VDOT. First, the Hampton Roads Metropolitan Organization should have a greater say in the new VDOT:HR's decisions. This influence should be binding. We have a regional planning board for a reason, why should VDOT ignore it? Along with this, the MPO's soon-to be born Citizen Transportation Advisory Committee (currently waiting approval with the MPO's new bylaws) should also have a voice within VDOT:HR. Second, the state should fund VDOT:HR's operations and maintenance budgets, while providing a small share of the construction budget (I am thinking 20-35%). The rest of the construction money should be raised using the same taxes and fees that were approved for use by our defunct Authority. These taxes should be levied by the legislature and earmarked for the region. (If this were implemented state-wide, these fees could be state-wide but required to go to the respective MPOs or, if there is no MPO, to the county, which could use the fees for a slightly wider variety of projects.) In addition to removing the bickering legislature out of the equation, this plan would localize control of transportation projects while retaining the benefit of state-backed funding.
In addition to this, we need to preliminarily plan every and all desired projects and prioritize them. Then, in order of priority, they should be planned completely and be made ready to start construction. This thorough, complete planning, along with having each plan MPO approved, would give Hampton Roads an edge when attempting to acquire federal funding.
While this is a drastic plan (and I am sure would face fierce opposition from those who oppose change), I think that in the long run, it would serve the region well and should be considered.

SPSA: To Trash or Recycle?

SPSA's outlook is dismal. That is a fact. They have $240 million in debt, a $16 million shortfall, and dwindling income. Will this be the end to SPSA or the beginning of a new era? Hopefully, the latter. They need to manage the collection of waste and the final destination for that waste. The actual collecting of the waste should be contracted out, as well as other various jobs. The Southeastern Public Service Authority should not be collecting its own trash. You don't see the Port Authority operating its own ships to collect its own cargo. You don't see the Norfolk Airport Authority operating its own airline service. The point is that SPSA is showing its age. Thirty years ago, it was the norm to have public entities do their own work. Now, in this age of Privatization, that model is all but dead. In order to remain (or become again) viable, SPSA needs to contract out to the private sector. This will maintain a regional waste disposal entity while at the same time, directing money to other local companies.

Wednesday, December 17, 2008

Harbor Park to Make Modifications

Harbor Park is set to spend $500,000 to move the right-field fence 20 feet and construct a party deck. Officials hope that this will increase the ability of the players to hit home runs. They say that the park has one of the farthest distances to the right-field fence. While I am sure this is true, they should not claim that it is the reason that they want to make the changes. If home run ease was their primary concern, they would not have put the party deck in the equation. I am not against them building the deck, I do think that Harbor Park should just tell it like it is and say, "Hey, we want to build a party deck and we can do it behind right field, due to it abundance of distance." I would support that. Regardless, I think it is a positive improvement.
Also, on another note, the exhibition game is April 3, between the Orioles and the Nationals. I am saving money for the tickets now. If anybody happens to be a season ticket holder (they get 1st dibs on tickets) I may be interested in a couple come February :)

Monday, December 15, 2008


This morning I sat through the MPO Committee meeting. It started promptly at 9:30 and last until quarter to Noon. Over an hour was spent listening to a consulting group give the 'Best Practices' results from their survey of a variety of national MPOs. While they came up with some great stuff, the Committee expressed their disappointment because the group did not actually make any recommendations or directions for the MPO. I was impressed with the Committee. They actually seemed like they wanted to make a difference in our region. I think that their biggest impediment is that when they come up with recomendations for the region, the state has no obligation to abide by their wishes. I came to this conclusion listening to them talk today. The ideas that they wanted to push for a great. It was said today, though, that they make these plans but the state and its agencies do what they want to do anyway.

Sunday, December 14, 2008

Congrats to VA Pilot, shame on Dougherty

Usually, when I I read the paper, I enjoy the column of Kerry Dougherty. Likewise, I usually despise the Pilot's Op/Ed writers and have written them off as nut-jobs. Today, however, was different. The Pilot redeemed themselves in their op/ed, entitled "Choppy Waters for Norfolk's Tide." Dougherty, on the other hand, wrote an article that caused me to lose my faith in her. She wrote a very short-sighted, misguided column that blatantly ignored the facts in order to further her diluted reality. She claimed that Norfolk had "light rail spin-doctors" coming up with excuses. She urged Virginia Beach to fight the Tide because it will surely face the same fate. On the contrary, Kerry. Unless Virginia Beach builds a building on their already clear thoroughfare, ignores the now-public safety requirements, or discovers some sort of secret chemical stash under the current railway, they will have it easy compared to what Norfolk faces. Also, addressing the rise in property values, where Kerry made the comment that "apparently Norfolk property continues to boom," there are three multimillion dollar high rise buildings being constructed near where the building that is being acquired downtown is located. Also, an office building has recently been constructed near the Newtown Road end, where the HRT wants to build a park and ride lot. She also questioned why people with light rail experience were not hired sooner. Well, if she would read her own paper, she would have seem the answer. HRT did not want to waste money by hiring people for a project that was not approved. For a minute, I would like to compare costs for Norfolk's Tide and Charlotte, NC's LYNX (which is a city-proclaimed success):
Original Estimated Cost : Tide - $232, LYNX - $225
Original Estimated Cost per Mile : Tide - $31, LYNX - $22
Final/Current Cost : Tide - $288, LYNX - $463
Final/Current Cost per Mile : Tide - $39, LYNX $48
Cost Overrun : Tide - 24%, LYNX - 105%
(All costs are in millions of 2008 dollars. Amounts have been adjusted for inflation using inflation rates published by 3.9 miles were also cut off of LYNX to keep costs down: if it were constructed at full length (13.5 miles), the total cost would have been approximately $648 million, or 188% over budget.)
Therefore, Norfolk is getting a GREAT deal. After HRT learns its lessons and moves to Virginia Beach, the Beach will get a spectacular deal. Furthermore, President-elect Obama has proposed an economic stimulus for public projects. This money would only be available, however, to projects that are ready to start. If the Beach can get theirs on the right track, they may pay even less!

Saturday, December 13, 2008

Virginia Beach Light Rail Study

Progress is continuing on the Tide. The Virginian Pilot reports that the Hampton Roads Metropolitan Planning Organization has set aside half of the $3 million required for an in-depth study to explore the costs of expanding the light rail line all the way to the Beach and to the Norfolk Naval Station. This is a great step towards a regional system. Despite the larger cost of the Norfolk segment, Virginia Beach should not worry about that for their section. Most of Norfolk's cost increases are the result of poor planning originally: not getting NSU's final thoughts on the design as well as the unknowns associated with downtown construction. Half of Norfolk's line is being constructed from scratch in a Downtown setting and/or elevated. If you have ever watched construction downtown, you would know that anything can happen. Because there was so much construction before building standards were put in place, there are many unknown utility lines underground, some of which are abandoned and others which are still in use. There are also multiple layers of roadway, from the asphalt on top, then concrete, then multiple layers of gravel and cobblestones, and old trolley tracks. Norfolk also has a multitude of bridges that need to be constructed for the light rail. On top of that, nobody in our area had any experience building or planning a light rail system. By the time Virginia Beach starts building their line, HRT will have that experience. They have already brought in outside experts to clean up the project. Virginia Beach will get the good end of the deal. They will get an experienced staff as well as a completely straight line to build the extension down. I do believe that, according to the original plan, the only special part of the line would be an elevated section over Independence Blvd. With the right combination of parking along the route, Virginia Beach could benefit very much. VA Beach residents who work in Norfolk could ride it down on workdays, making interstate traffic lighter. On weekends, Norfolk and Chesapeake residents could park closer to home and ride to Town Center. The proposed NOB route should go near Norfolk International Airport which, according to a recent email I recieved from them, "would certainly be interested and involved in such a decision should any provider propose the institution of public transportation ... at the airport." This connection of the airport would aid both Norfolk and Virginia Beach in securing conferences and conventions. Virginia Beach's Convention Center would have one more plus to advertise with. Their tourist in the summer could also plan their visits accordingly. If they come via airport and take the Tide to the Oceanfront instead of renting a car, there would be less vehicle traffic and more pedestrian traffic at the Oceanfront, leading to increased sales revenue and increased use in the Wave trolley.

Friday, December 12, 2008

Security Threat?

When reviewing my site stats, I came across an interesting visit. At first glance, I thought that maybe something fishy was going on the Homeland Security might want to know about:
Upon further inspection, however, I learned that it came from a military installation (which still may be suspicious). Hmm...

Thursday, December 11, 2008

Get back to work, VDOT

On my previous post, I apologize. I spelled typical wrong. True, I just criticized VDOT for a spelling error while I made one myself. Just for a second, however, lets compare a few things. This project cost the taxpayers of Virginia $500,000. It was somebody's JOB to get that right. Myself, on the other hand, wrote that article at nearly 3 AM this morning, after getting 3 hours of sleep the night before, writing a 10 page paper, finishing another 10 page paper, writing 4 two page responses to international news incidences, and writing a 1000 word review on the meeting. On top of all that, I had not eaten since my pack of Ramen noodles at noon. So, yes, i apologize for my mistake. Now, I rarely ever reveal my viewers however, through my stat counter on my site, I can see that BOTH of those comments came from VDOT computers during business hours. So, maybe, if you spent more time doing your JOB and less time surfing the internet, things might get better. GET BACK TO WORK VDOT!

VDOT at its best?

Now that I have posted my review of the meeting, I have to say what I really wanted to say. These two public meetings were fairly high profile for VDOT. They would be under the spotlight and, considering this, I would think that they would be on their best behavior. The first thing I notice? They spelled 'feasibility' wrong. Their HRBT Project Feasibility Study comment form was graced with the title of "Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel Project Teasability Study Comment Form." Is that supposed to be a joke? For $500,000 they either couldn't afford to push the spellcheck button or they just like playing really expensive jokes. Maybe they enjoy 'teasing' us with pictures of solutions... Also, in typical VDOT style, the meeting started behind schedule and ended even later. Ten minutes late to start and twenty minutes late to end.

HRBT Public Meeting: A Review

I attended the Hampton Roads Bridge Tunnel Meeting on Wednesday. The meeting started with introductions from Dennis W. Heuer (VDOT Hampton Roads District Administrator), Pierce R. Homer (Virginia Secretary of Transportation), and Randy Boice (Project Manager). Mr. Boice gave very detailed, informative explanations of each alternative including the strengths and weaknesses of each. Alternative One, at $2.2 Billion was the least costly of the alternatives, however it had its fatal flaw. It would not meet Federal Highway requirements, which prohibit two-way traffic within the same undivided tunnel. Alternative Two would get around that at minimal extra cost by making the middle tube reversible during rush hour, while adding $100 Million. The downfall to this plan, as was stated by Mr. Boice, was that the traffic pattern on I-64 does not allow for reversible lanes. In order to be feasible, the majority of traffic would have to flow in one direction and then reverse for the afternoon rush hour. On I-64, however, there is equal traffic in each direction, making it difficult to reverse the lanes. Moving on to Alternative Three, Mr. Boice said that this one, along with the next one, are the two most practical. Alternative Three would construct a four-lane tunnel to accommodate all east-bound traffic and convert both existing tubes to carry only west-bound traffic. Similarly, Alternative Four, would construct the four-lane tunnel. It would, however, reserve a lane in each direction to be used for a dedicated right-of-way transit service, either a bus way or, more preferably (in the Virginia Secretary of Transportation’s opinion), an extension for the Light rail line. At $3.3 Billion each, these two alternatives are the most costly. Alternative Five is the first of two bridge-based alternatives. Number Five would construct a suspension bridge with a suspended span a mile in length and high enough for cargo ships and aircraft carriers to pass under. Unfortunately, Alternative Five’s bridge would only carry two lanes. This causes it to have not one but two fatal flaws. Like the first alternative, it would require reversible lanes, which not only fail the Federal Highway regulations but, due to the lower speed needed for the two-lane tube, the time benefit would not be worth the money spent. The second fatal flaw is the best, though. Due to its having only two lanes over such a large span, it would be subject to “adverse … aerodynamics,” similar to the first Tacoma Narrows Bridge, which collapsed in Washington State four months after it opened in 1940. In order to remedy this, the bridge would have to be reinforced to the point that it would cost as much as a four-lane bridge, which happens to be Alternative Six. This four-lane bridge, which would only save $100 million over the four-lane tunnel option, also has its fatal flaw. The Navy would never approve it. Constructing a bridge over the only exit for the majority of the Atlantic Fleet would be a terrorist attack waiting to happen. Also, this fact would add fuel to Florida’s case to move aircraft carriers away.
After the presentation, there were numerous comments from a variety of sources. The most notable was Mayor Paul Fraim, who spoke in definite object to any and all plans to widen the HRBT. His main reason was that the region has already determined that the Third Crossing was the best option. It would be better during an evacuation, a plus for military mobility, and it would draw traffic away from the HRBT, lessening the traffic jams. He also complained that any HRBT widening project would disrupt the Willoughby area too much. Senator John Miller and Delegate Paula Miller were present to support the project, arguing that we need to plan for the future and not just for alleviating current problems. Delegate Miller also inquired as to whether or not either the HRBT project or the Third Crossing would be eligible to receive funding under the proposed stimulus programs from President-elect Barack Obama. Mr. Homer, the VA Secretary of transportation replied that no, neither project would be eligible due to a requirement that the project be ready for immediate construction. Bobby Mathieson of Virginia Beach said that the Beach has made no formal decision but instead stressed that the community needs to continue to talk about solutions. Virginia Beach’s Vice Mayor Louis Jones stated that he did not support any project that was not previously supported by the MPO. Norfolk councilman Randy Wright took a minute to publicly thank Mr. Homer for supporting the Norfolk Light Rail project. Hampton councilwoman Angela Leary stressed to Norfolk residents that she is a big supporter of personal property rights and that she agrees with the concerns of the city and would like to discuss further alternatives with Norfolk and the Peninsula alike. In response to a question posed by a man by the name of Steve Dexter, Mr. Homer wanted to make it clear that he strongly supported a multi-modal tube in any expansion to make it more attractive to Norfolk and the Region at large. Also interesting to note, Chesapeake’s Mayor Krasnoff and councilman Richard West were present, although they declined to speak on the subject.
Overall, the meeting was very informative but very little true progress was made, although I think that it was very important to have, because it brought all sides out into the open for healthy dialogue.

Monday, December 8, 2008

MPO's Weighted Votes; Good or Bad

Re: Weighted votes could change cities' say in road projects (Virginian-Pilot. Dec. 8, 2008)

While I can see the value of this in a rational setting, I still hold an objection. The purpose of the weighting, which I understand, is to give cities an equal footing in votes. There is no reason why Isle of Wight (no offense) should get the same weight as Virginia Beach. VB is much larger and has many more problems than a county such of IoW. I find fault in the system, however, when the city with the most power is as anti-regionalism as VB. I think that the number of daily workers should be included as well. Norfolk has an estimated 235,000 residents. Virginia beach has an estimated 435,000 residents. Once you account for the inflow of over 100,000 workers to Norfolk and an outflow of approximately 100,000 workers from Virginia Beach to Norfolk, Chesapeake, and Portsmouth, the 'power' factor of each city is about the same. The MPO can use a weighted system as long as Virginia Beach does not simply vote down anything that would not benefit them directly. We have seen them act this selfishly in the past. Take their push for a Southeastern Parkway over any form of HR crossing plans. Or their repeatedly voting no on their Light Rail referendums. Unless Virginia Beach has had a miraculous change of heart, they seem to be in it only for themselves, not realizing that they will die without the rest of the region. Finally, each city currently pays an equal share for the MPO. If they will no longer be equal in votes, then they payment structure should be changed, causing each city to pay in proportion with its votes.

Friday, December 5, 2008

Charlotte Light Rail Model

In the Pilot today, they published an article about the Charlotte, North Carolina Light Rail line. Charlotte's line had many problems to start with, similar to any major project, including Norfolk's. What interests me is that last year people said that Norfolk would have as many problems as Charlotte did. They compared these town places in the hopes of using Charlotte to demonstrate 'yet another failed LRT project.' It is very interesting that these same people are now saying that they should not be compared due to their density difference. I've checked it out and both areas have approximately the same density along the light rail line. Norfolk's Light Rail will work. For all those people that complain that they will sit in traffic while the Light Rail goes by, perhaps you could get on it. Interesting concept, huh? I live near Norview. I know that I would rather drive to Military Circle and ride the Tide Downtown versus pay for parking and try to fight all you crazy drivers from Chesapeake and VA Beach trying to leave Downtown during rush hour. Also would be nice during the holidays (esp. the parade) and during Downtown events. If, rather, when they extend this to the Beach, I know that despite the nay-sayers, thousands a day would rather drive to a Tide station and ride in than fight the traffic. Thank you Charlotte, and good luck Tide

Thursday, December 4, 2008


In case you havn't heard, an HRBT expansion plan is back in consideration. They had a public meeting yesterday and they will have another next Wednesday at 6 at Granby HS. There are multiple plans available, including converting both tunnels to run Westbound and constructing a suspension bridge to run Eastbound.
HRBT Rendering

Virginia Lottery Results